Toes are the main important part of your legs and body as the total weight of your body is put on your legs, it is significant to keep your legs in good health and condition. If you have any Foot pain, you should immediately consult a doctor and take the prescribed treatment to solve your foot problems. Foot problems are of many types; the most common foot problem is hammertoe. If your toe is constantly bent, then it is a foot problem, which is a hammertoe.

What Is Hammertoe?

Hammertoe is a toe problem in which the end of the person’s toe bends downward, and the toe’s middle joint curls up. Hammertoe generally affects a person’s second toe, but it can also affect other toes in some cases. The hammer toe foot problem develops slowly, and most people ignore it. But it is a problem when the day passes and leads to foot pain and immovable joint deformity. If a person reaches that point, they have to skip the treatments and opt for the surgery.

Hammertoes can be of three different types. They are as follows:

  • Flexible Hammertoes: A flexible hammertoe is a starting stage that develops slowly, and the affected toes can move flexibly at the joints.
  • Semi-Rigid: This is the second stage where the hammertoe starts to become harden.
  • Rigid Hammertoes: A rigid hammertoe is a developed stage where you cannot move your finger as the soft tissues and tendons have become hardened.

What are the Common Causes of Hammertoes?

If your toe has a muscle imbalance, that leads to high pressure on the joints and tendon, resulting in a hammertoe. Several reasons cause muscle imbalance, and they are:

  1. Genes:
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The type of foot you are born with will change and develop joint deformity. Probably, flexible and flat feet can result in hammertoes, as the foot attempts to balance against the flat feet. The feet having high arches will also lead to hammertoes.

  1. Poor Shoes:

The imperfect, narrow, high-heeled shoes have significantly less or nill arch support. The people using high heels have high pressure on their joints and toes, so there are more hammertoe cases noted in women than men.

  1. Neuromuscular Disease:

People who have neuromuscular diseases will have more chances to develop hammertoe foot pain. People with diabetes can have higher complications and a higher risk for hammertoe pain. People who have their toes with corn issues or any other foot problems can have increased pressure on their toes. Infected corns may lead to foot or toe loss for people with diabetes, neuropathy, or low blood flow until their shoes get changed.

  1. Trauma:

Sometimes, any damage to the toe will lead to a hammertoe.

How Can Hammertoes be Treated?

There are different types of treatments that take place for hammertoes that, including:

  • Surgery: The specialist you have consulted may suggest surgery if you have severe pain. The hammertoe foot problem will disturb your daily work, and surgery is the best option to solve your foot problem. If your toe is suggested to have surgery, your doctor will take out the imperfect bone on your toe and arrange the bone joint or attach a pin to set your toe’s position.
  • Pain Relief: This includes anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce your pain.
  • Custom Orthotic Devices or Shoe Inserts: These shoe inserts can control your foot actions.
  • Toes Taping: It can improve muscle function.
  • Insulating Padding: Having padding inserted into the hammertoe can reduce the pressure.
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If you find any minor symptoms of hammertoe foot problem, do not leave it like that; it may lead to any extreme. Consult your preferred surgeon and take the required treatments to solve your foot problems.

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